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Title: Study of structure formation in bitumen-mineral compositions based on fly ash under water saturation
Authors: Lebedev, M. S.
Chulkova, I. L.
Keywords: Authors of BSTU
the thermal power plant fly ash
swelling test
asphalt cement
structure formation
new formation
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Published by Atlantis Press
Abstract: The industrial powder waste from thermal power plants such as fly ash is used as asphalt or mineral filler due to its properties and dispersibility. However, the conflicting data on the fly ash usage are due to the different compositions, dispersibility, reaction capacity of the used fly ash. This paper presents the detailed research of the structuring process in bitumen-mineral compositions experimentally studied under the water saturation tests. The water saturation for the asphalt cements evaluates the strength of adhesion of the binder film to the particle surface as well as the stability of the bitumen-mineral structure when saturating water under the reduced pressure and elevated temperature. Depending on the fly ash composition, the structure formation operates differently at the component cohesion stage and during the swelling test. In bitumen-mineral composites, based on the high-lime ash, the mineral hydration leads to the binder film liftoff as well as to the change of the ash phase composition due to the low adhesion of bitumen and mineral particles. That results in undesirable formations in the system such as calcium sulfate dihydrate and ettringite, particularly. These formations cause the structural softening and the swelling of asphalt cements. The higher bitumen – low-lime ash adhesion provided the more stable structure of asphalt cements under testing. That resulted just in the binder film deformation without its liftoff. The swelling of the bitumen compositions was provided by the low packing density of ash particles in the asphalt cement
Description: Lebedev M. S. Study of structure formation in bitumen-mineral compositions based on fly ash under water saturation / M. S. Lebedev, I. L. Chulkova // Advances in Engineering Reeseach (Actual Issues of Mechanical Engineering AIME 2017). - 2017. - Vol. 133. - P. 403-408.
Appears in Collections:Chemistry, chemical technology and special purposed composites

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